When we are not able to reduce waste by preventing it in the first place, we can still rescue and divert in order to use food waste as a valuable resource and not add it to the landfill.
Donating Excess Food
Food donation turns the challenge of perfectly predicting customer demand into an opportunity by allowing restaurants to help the food insecure in their community. Restaurants can capitalize on donation tax credits while also proving food to those in need.
With one in seven adults and one in fivee children facing food insecurity in San Diego, rescuing only 10% of wasted food in the county would be enough to feed every individual in need (SDFSA).
By donating food, businesses can:
- Get rid of excess inventory.
- Save money (tax incentives, reduced waste hauling fees).
- Help the local community in need.
- Prevent organic waste from going to the landfill.
If your business donates food to a charitable organization, you can potentially claim a deduction. Your business must generate taxable income and retain a donation record from the charitable organization. To learn more, access Tax Deduction for Food Donation: A Legal Guide from the Harvard Food Law and Policy Clinic.
The Federal Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act protects food donors from liability when donating to a non-profit organization. The law states that if the product was donated in good faith, even if it later causes harm to a recipient, the donor is protected from civil and criminal liability. The law covers all packaged and pre-consumer food (prepared or raw), even food that is past its sell-by date, as long as there was no gross negligence or intentional misconduct* of the donor.
Food donation liability protection is offered at both the federal, state, and local level. No lawsuit related to donated food has ever been filed in U.S. history. Read more about liability protections that exist at Federal and State levels in the County of San Diego and SDFSA's Food Donations FAQ & State Law Protections.
Steps to set up food donation:
- Identify type and amount of extra food.
- Determine packaging, labeling and storage requirements.
- Understand frequency of service.
- Select a food rescue partner.
- Establish the process and transportation plan. Maintain logs of food donation.
View indepth guides on setting up food rescue:
- Guide to Food Rescue - Center for EcoTechnology & Solana Center
- County’s food donation guide - County of San Diego
Find a rescue partner that is a good fit for your needs by contacting these main San Diego agencies or using the search tool below:
If the food cannot be used by the restaurant or eaten by other people through donation, it is still essential that we keep it out of the landfill. Diverting food waste to be used as animal feed, composted, or turned into energy will benefit the planet, community, and the business's financial bottom line.
- Find a Composter - BioCycle
- Diverting Food Scraps to Animal Feed - Imperial Western Products
- Best practices for effective fats, oils and grease control - National Restaurant Association
- Signage for trash, recycling and organic waste - CalRecycle
*Gross negligence defined as "voluntary and conscious conduct by a person with knowledge (at the time of conduct) that the conduct is likely to be harmful to the health or well-being of another person."